Cuba Will Close 2016 With A Record Number Of Self-Employed / EFE, 14ymedio
EFE/via 14ymedio, Havana, 11 November 2016 — The number of self-employed
in Cuba totaled 522,855 at the end of September, representing the
addition of 15,513 people to the sector in the last six months and an
increase of nearly 24,000 compared to the total of 2015, according to
data broadcast on state media on Friday.
Self-employment has maintained sustained growth since Raul
Castro's government expanded opportunities for the private sector in
2011, in order to boost the economy of the island and compensate for the
phasing out of 500,000 state jobs between that year and 2015.
In 2012 the self-employed totaled 404,600, a figure which increased the
next year to 424,300 and rose at the end of 2014 to 483,400, according
to the state-owned newspaper Granma reporting on data from the National
Bureau of Statistics and Information (ONEI) and the Ministry of Labor
and Social Security.
In mid-2015, Cuba exceeded the milestone of half a million
self-employed, and although the figure was reduced to 496,000 months
later, the sector grew again in 2016 to the 507,342 workers recorded in
May, and increased to 522,855 six months later.
Some 65% of self-employed workers are concentrated in the provinces of
Havana, Matanzas, Villa Clara, Camaguey, Holguin and Santiago de Cuba,
and 11% of them are dedicated to the restaurant industry, which employs
In this sector, which includes the most famous paladares – as private
restaurants are called – 1,870 were granted licenses this year compared
to the 1,650 authorized in 2015 and 1,570 in 2014.
A series of inspections to uncover alleged irregularities in the
establishments and the suspension of the issuing of new licenses to
paladares in Havana between September and October sparked concern in
this sector, one of the most dynamic in the economy of the island, but
as of 24 October licenses are again being issued.
Cuban authorities deny that these measures are due to a backtracking in
the state policies to open private sector opportunities, and say that
their intention is to guarantee that the restaurants comply with the law.
The expansion of private labor is one of the major reforms of the
government of Raul Castro to "update" the socialist economic model in
Cuba which, as of today, authorizes 200 different work activities in
which the self-employed may engage.
Source: Cuba Will Close 2016 With A Record Number Of Self-Employed /
EFE, 14ymedio – Translating Cuba -